For those who have yet to discover the magic of motor racing, speedway is a form of motorsport in which teams of motorcyclists or motorcars race on oval tracks. It is sometimes referred to as ovals or simply racing, and is widely viewed as the original form of motorsport. Today, it is considered to be the most affordable and accessible form of motorsport, and as a result, has become extremely popular all around the world. It is most famous for being the staple form of motorsport for kids and amateur racers, and many tracks around the world are designated as children’s playgrounds, owing to the fact that the sport is so simple and accessible for young racers.
History Of Speedway
It was around this time in the early 20th century that motorcycle racing started taking off in popularity, leading to the creation of speedway tracks to accommodate the increased demand. It was originally designed as a means of testing the mettle of the world’s best motorcycle racers, but quickly grew in popularity to the point where it became a form in its own right. The first speedway track was built in England in 1895, and was officially opened the following year. At first, the tracks were simply dirt tracks, but in 1907, the first purpose-built asphalt speedway track was opened in New York City. Since then, the sport has spread around the world, and today, there are thousands of speedway tracks around the world, including in countries such as Australia and New Zealand, where the sport is referred to as motorcycling and motorbiking, respectively. It is arguably the most historic and iconic motorsport, having been around since the early days of the 20th century, and has withstood the test of time.
The Evolution Of Speedway
Over the years, speedway has changed quite a bit, both in terms of the tracks themselves and the way the sport is practiced. The original tracks were relatively short, flat, and smooth, and mostly consisted of long, straightaways. Over the years, the tracks have gotten longer and more technical, with numerous turns and elevation changes. This, in turn, led to the creation of specialized teams of riders known as motorcyclists, who were initially the only ones allowed to compete. After the Second World War, the number of competing teams grew to the point where a point system was devised to determine the race winner. This, in turn, led to the invention of the pit lane, where motorcycles would be changed out during the race for those that had succumbed to mechanical problems or damage (hence the name – “pits”). Overtaking was limited in practice to small maneuvers known as “kissing the backside” or “arm wrestling” (again, because there were only two or three cars on the track at any given time). The cars themselves evolved, with the introduction of aerodynamics and limited slip differential to improve handling characteristics. After a long quiet period, the sport started experiencing a bit of a revival in the 1980s as a result of increased interest in motorcycles, limited resources (thanks, OPEC!), and an overall interest in speedway as a form of motorsport.
How Is A Speedway Constructed?
Let’s take a quick look at how a typical speedway track is constructed. First off, there is the straightaway, which is usually a couple hundred meters long and a mixture of dirt and pavement. This is where the majority of the racing takes place. After the straightaway, the track curves and changes elevation, sometimes dramatically, as it winds its way around the track. There are various rules governing the shape of the track, with the most fundamental rule being that it has to be an oval. Another important factor is the banking, or the angle at which the track curves. The more banking there is, the easier it is to turn the car. The rear tires should always be on the “inside” of the curve, therefore creating more drag and making the car more difficult to turn. Another important factor is the surface the track is paved or dirtied on. The more grip there is, the easier it is to turn the car.
All of that said, let’s take a quick look at the infield, which is what’s located within the track’s proximity. This area is mostly used for grandstands and special events, as well as restrooms, food stands, and other such amenities.
The Most Iconic Tracks
There are several iconic tracks around the world that are considered to be some of the most important and influential speedways ever constructed. We’ll discuss a couple of them.
The first track we’ll discuss is Bristol, England’s (population: 121,600) famous Royal Motorcycle Park. The first Bristol speedway track was a wooden track opened in 1911 named after its location. In 1924, an asphalt track and grandstands were added, and it wasn’t until the late 1940s that the track was resurfaced. It is still one of the most popular Bristol tracks even today, which is remarkable considering it has been over eighty years since the last update to the track. In fact, the track is so well-known that it was the subject of a song by the band The Rolling Stones, entitled “Bristol Races”.
Next up is the Milwaukee Mile, in the city of Milwaukee, Wisconsin (population: 633,600). This track was first opened in 1927, and was originally referred to as the Midway Park Speedway. It was renamed the Milwaukee Mile in the 1960s in an effort to make the track more appealing to international visitors who were coming to the area for the National Festival. The Milwaukee Mile is the third-oldest track in the United States and the second-oldest track in Wisconsin. It is known for its long straightaways and sharp turns. One of the unique features of the Milwaukee Mile is that it was the first speedway track to use concrete, rather than dirt, for its turns and elevation changes. It is also one of the few tracks that still uses wooden grandstands. Although the track was resurfaced in the 1950s, the concrete still offers excellent grip. It continues to attract top-level competitors, owing to its challenging nature.
Finally, we have the Daytona Speedway, located in the city of Daytona Beach, Florida (population: 121,100). This track was originally constructed in 1935 and is sometimes referred to as the “Grand Daddy” of all speedways. It was originally equipped with grandstands, turf banking, and a dirt surface. The first asphalt speedway track in the United States was built in Brooklyn, New York, in 1907, but was destroyed by fire a year later. The Daytona Speedway is one of the most recognizable tracks in the world, and it continues to attract large crowds even today, largely owing to its association with American automobile manufacturing and motorsport in general.
To make a long story short, speedway is a very popular form of motorsport due to its affordability and accessibility. Most tracks around the world are either wood or asphalt, with concrete and tar being the least preferred surfaces since they don’t offer the best grip. It continues to be popular mainly because it is a good choice for kids and amateurs looking to get a taste of motorsport. Many tracks are also known as “penny arcade racing,” due to the fact that it is so affordable, which makes it attractive to kids and amateurs, who might not have the money for more expensive racetracks. Although the format has changed over the years, with a greater emphasis on technology and a move away from two-wheeled vehicles, speedway has remained relatively unchanged, and continues to be popular around the world.